Travel and labour internationalization have significantly influenced students to study abroad. Multinationals are increasingly employing workers from distinguished universities while students from developed are more likely to study in developing during exchange programmes semesters.
Studying abroad is often an exciting prospect for students especially from developing countries. Growth of student numbers seeking to further studies has elicited different views from policymakers and academicians in respective nations. The USA receives the highest numbers of students seeking to study in the country owing to the advanced and specialty diverse educational system in the nation (Altbach, 2004, p. 19). The essay seeks to explain different reasons why students choose to study abroad.
Internationalization of labour
Expansion of multinationals globally has necessitated demand for skilled labour in overseas markets. Education facilities in foreign markets are highly standardized and offer analytical skills of the world. Moreover, advancement in technology has benefited developed countries necessitating mass migration for exemplary education facilities. The recent global rankings of universities highlight a stark advantage the USA universities have over the others in other countries. The rankings best a hundred schools are major from the USA alone. Some of the universities regarded as elite in the USA are Havard, Yale, MIT and Princeton. The universities are known for high-quality education and highly successful individuals such as Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg. Expansion of multinationals to frontier markets has necessitated demand for skilled labour that is otherwise unavailable in the local market. Henceforth, students are faced with tough and strict employment criteria that the mass movement to universities abroad (Toncar, 2006, p. 62). Graduates from schools are regarded as international workers and can work in any country based on the level of education attained.
Students also prefer to study abroad to explore the world. Students in developed countries usually take a semester off to other schools to experience and explore the world (Wilkinson, 2002, p. 158). Generally, such students prefer developing countries so as to learn new languages, experience a different culture and gain a different perspective.
Conclusively, labour internationalization and travel form the primary basis for students studying abroad.